Vimshottari Dasha - Rashi - Gochara - Bhava - Graha - Ratna - Nakshatra - Amsha - Karaka - Varga - Bala


Glyph_Shani.png glyph_mangala.jpg

OM kram kreem kroum sah bhaumaya namah

OM pram preem proum sah shanaischaraya namah




Saturn - Saturan - Sauran


The Seventh One * Satu

Kevan - Kaiwan



Anu - Ani


El - Eli


Mars Ars Ares Aries Arian Ori Orion

अङ्गारक aṅgāraka

भूमिपुत्र bhūmiputra

Simud- Bahram

Gugulanna- Nergal


Tiw - Tyr = Tiwesdæg - Tuesday


Masjid of Beema Palli in Beemapally, Kerala


Jacob Wrestling the Angel by Northrop 1893


[Shani-Mesha-nīcha] yuti [Mangala-Mesha]

[Shani-Urisha] yuti [Mangala-Urisha]

[Shani-Mithuna] yuti [Mangala-Mithuna]

[Shani-Karkata] yuti [Mangala-Karkata] [nīcha]

  • POTUS-pair-42 + USA Secy State 1947- Hillary Clinton (10)

  • Green Mile 1947- horror-fiction Stephen King (1)

  • USA-Sen-Tenn VPOTUS Climate Change 1948- Al Gore [9, globalism, ideology]

[Shani-Simha] yuti [Mangala-Simha]

[Shani-Kanya] yuti [Mangala-Kanya]

[Shani-Tula] [uchcha] yuti [Mangala-Tula]

[Shani in Vṛścika] yuti [Mangala-Vṛścika]

[Shani-Dhanus] yuti [Mangala-Dhanus]

[Shani-Makara-Draco] yuti [Mangala-Makara] [uchcha]

[Shani-Kumbha] yuti [Mangala-Kumbha]

[Shani-Meena] yuti [Mangala-Meena]


  • Shani fears shatra-graha * enemy Mangala

  • but Mangala is neutral toward Shani

  • Social Law versus Animal Instinct
  • Anxiety, frustration, and Resistance

Notes on the mutual drishti of Shani-into-Mangala and Mangala-into-Shani

  • resists vitality
  • normalized innovation
  • delayed birth
  • limited progress
  • physical discipline
  • constrained movement
  • regulated competition
  • suppressed action
  • cautious progress
  • energized rules
  • dynamic structuring

energetic activity constrained by strict rules


masculine force joins disciplined regulation

resistance against vital birth

any relationship between restraining-Shani and pushing-Mangala may result in counterproductive behaviors

Whenever sober-structural Shanaicarya must share a residence with muscular-moving Professor Mangala or with risky-rogue Rahu or dispersing-disinterested Ketu, the agenda of the teachings of Professor Shani are subject to prolonged repetition of the key structural elements of the learning pathway .

The lessons are in reality multiple opportunities for accepting of gifts of understanding.

The advantage of Shani-yuti-Mangala (in any rashi) = one is unable to surrender. There can be no defeat. Due to the combination of durokaraka Shani's legendary endurance and combative, competitive Kuja's relentless pursuit of the conquest, this pair signals in it for the long haul.

Attributes of stamina and courage are indeed noble features of this yoga. Nevertheless, this long haul is littered with obstacles [Shani] and prone toward breakage [Kuja].

Final outcomes depend upon the planetary ruler of the pair, incoming drishti upon the pair, rashi of the pair, and bhava of the pair, inter alia.

In the case of Hillary Clinton, the 6/8 angle of ruler Chandra along with the [nīcha] qualities of Kuja suggest imbalances in an otherwise responsible and dignified governance career.

  • POTUS-pair-42 + USA Secy State 1947- Hillary Clinton = [Shani-Karkata] yuti [Mangala-Karkata] [nīcha] in bhava-10, ; representing the highest levels of government. Sober, responsible, lawful Shani is a distinguished 4-5 yogakaraka for her nativity, and Shani's drishti to bhava-7 contributed to a multi-decade career as an influential social justice attorney (7 lawcourts) then as a global diplomat (7 arrangements). However, the ruler is awkwardly placed in 6/8 from the Shani-Kuja-Karkata-10 pair. Shani activates her Chandra-Kumbha-5, bringing a political element into Shani-10 public leadership roles, resulting in successful election to the US-Senate. Yet observers noted an inconsistency to her personality signified by a squeezing [nīcha] Kuja drishti upon both radical lagna and Chandra-5, suggesting either an agent or a victim of extortion. She mounted several exhausting [Shani] presidential campaigns, proving Shani's stamina and Mangala's drive. However Kuja would suggests breakage of the steady pattern; none of the POTUS campaigns succeeded.

New Birth vs. Old Order

Shani-yuti-Mangala is characterized by a push-pull mechanism that is similar to a mother trying to give birth while the umbilical cord is wrapped around the baby's neck.

  • Mangala using all of His forward-driving force is trying to be born and start new life.
  • Shani using all of His systematic rigidity is trying to prevent that new birth from happening so that the Old Order can be preserved.

Often it is a tale of primitive endurance and survival by competitive force. The unruly primal energy of new vigor does combat with the staid, orderly, regulated insistence of Shani.

EXAMPLE - [Shani-Urisha] yuti [Mangala-Urisha] [2, money, speech, traditional values, family line]

  • POTUS-07 Indian Removal 1767-1845 Andrew Jackson [2, finance, family, food] Typical of the Ulsterman pioneers, aJ was a fighter, both physically and verbally [Kuja-2]. He was very cautious with Food-and-drink [Shani-2] due to lifelong intestinal problems [Chandra-6] Nevetheless, aJ accepted the rampant frontier alcoholism which was his heritage social norm [Shani-2 restricts food, shani-2 social norms of food-and-drink]

  • AJ lacked refinement of sound and gesture [proletarian Shani-2 + Mangala-2 lagnesha, forceful voice]. However, aJ did not lack financial wealth or public authority. He was a trained attorney, awinning army general, held many public offices, and eventually served as POTUS-07 [Bharani lagna + Shani-2 drishti-11 + rules 11-10]

  • AJ had shrewd force, but he lacked cultural capital [2, knowledge, legacy] His entire family was killed before he turned 14 [2 family] His boorish manners threatened the American monied class which had ruled the USA for 60 years, since the Revolution. [Mangala-2 randhresha disaster, threats]

  • But, national voting rights were suddenly expanded to include all white men, not only landowners. After an election tainted by vicious lies and hate-speech on both sides, aJ was swept to POTUS-07 leadership by the mass of [perceived] greedy, rioting, illiterate ruffians. [2, sensuality, greed] Many predicted that AJ's regime of rural stupidity would destroy the newborn USA [randhresha Mangala-2 destructive values] [Shani karmesha regime, shani-2 can block knowledge = stupor] .

  • And it nearly did.

  • 200 years later, people are still talking about AJ's unkempt and unruly supporters. Their crude, alcohol-fueled behavior shocked the aristocratic governing classes. [Mangala randhresha, shock-trauma] AJ's drunk, violent supporters stampeded through the hallways and broke the Whitehouse furniture [2, moveable wealth, furnishings]

  • AJ spearheaded genocidal [2] legislation to forcibly move hunter-gatherer people [2, genetics] into reservations so that Euro-settlers could fence and farm the land. [Trail-of-Tears = 2, reserves, containment] Many perished in misery, along the way [2, death] . The brutal wealth-building practice of using human slave-labor as a natural resource [2, resources] made AJ's Tennessee plantation highly profitable [Shani-2 labhapati]. However, aJ's entire birth family [2] died prematurely, he had no bio-children, and he endured lifelong intestinal cramping [Shani cramps] which kept him painfully thin. He died a rich, toothless, bitter man.

In a husbandly nativity, Shukra-yuti-Shani suggest the blessings of a wifely companion (likely wives). The lifemate may have pragmatic business sense in the arts industry, cooperative and well-structured teamwork, and positive commercial development through good old fashioned planning and sustained hard work. The couple share an aesthetic and materialistic worldview.

Shani-yuti-Mangala in bhava-2 second-marriage can create a push-me-pull-you tension into the re-marriage narrative. Depending on Shukra characteristics, asecond legal union may be destroyed [Kuja] or delayed [Shani] or both.

Work, work, and more work

- usually involving physical effort Kuja) and social pressure [Shani].

  • Swing Time 1911-1995 dance theatre Ginger Rogers [Kuja-yuti-Rahu] [Shani-yuti-Rahu] [2, capital, song, face, remarriages] . In the USA during the 1930's and 1940's, GR was heralded as a national icon of the new [Mesha] social role single working girl . [Shani work] The salient feature of this new lifestyle was that women who worked had their own money [2]. Mangala-Shani yuti Rahu added the taboo-bending strong-and- hard-working feminine identity. Finishing a cycle of five marriage, GR declared that her final 22 years as a highly-capitalized single woman were the best years of her life.

  • POTUS-07 Indian Removal 1767-1845 Andrew Jackson [2, food, family, face, finance] Harsh pioneer heritage involved the decease of father + mother + both brothers, all before AJ's[ age 14. AJ cherished the violent, intolerant, militarized values that he learned through personal experience [2, knowledge] He rose to socia authority and wealth via the death-skills of war, murder, and slaving. [2, killing] Rahu-10-Makara casts drishti into [Kuja-yuti-Shani] [Vrishabha-2].

  • Since the signing of the Constitution, only over-21, white male property owners could vote. But, in 1828, the USA national vote was opened to all white men over 21. A largely illiterate, violence-prone rural electorate then propelled AJ into the elite governing authority of POTUS-07. The greatly outnumbered educated classes were terrified. If the refined, world-traveled, career-diplomat incumbent John Quincy Adams could be ousted by these wild-eyed masses -- what next? AJ's POTUS term 1829-1837 embodied a simmering, values-based Culture War within American society. Elites feared that USA would be destroyed by plebian brutality, ignorance, and greed. Indeed, aJ nearly destroyed the American federal banking system [randresha Kuja-2] and he directly or indirectly killed thousands. Yet, AJ had stamina from Shani + life-force from lagnesha Kuja. Although he had to ffight fiercely for every gain, aJ completed 13 years as USA-Senator from Tennessee + two terms of POTUS-07. He died age 78, wealthy and alone.

In bhava-9-Karkata, effects of Chandra's moralism and tending toward expressions of grievance and resentment. Nevertheless, this combo can be effective in push-pull method.

  • USA-Sen-Tenn VPOTUS Climate Change 1948- Al Gore + [nīcha] Mangala-yuti-Shani [both in Aśleṣa] [9, globalism, ideology] = rulers of 1 + 3 + 4 + 6. During a 36-year career in national politics, delivered stern and sometimes abrasive [nicha-Kuja] but overall effective and memorable sermons [9] in defense of the terrestrial environment [Karkata]


Hagia Sophia, istanbul Turkia


When Professor Mangala occupies the rashi opposite to Shani's rashi, Mangala casts 100% graha drishti upon Shani,

This mutual-drishti generally generates a frustrating, resistance-motivating experience for Shani,

Shani does not wish His frozen, strict, anti-movement domain to be invaded by aggressive, competitive, fiercely competitive, mOVING Mangala .

The result of Mangala 's drishti upon Shani is generally less benevolent.

  • When Shani occupies the rashi which is either 4th-from-Mangala or 11th-from-Mangala, Shani casts 100% drishti upon Mangala

Shani's drishti is a relatively neutral experience for Mangala, who is not intimidated by Shani but rather somewhat annoyed. Mangala is compared to Shani much more energetic dynamic and if necessary warlike. Shani is intimidated by Mangala However, mangala is not afraid of Shani.

The result of Shani's drishti upon Professor Kuja is frustration with numerous impediments and obstacles.

One may perceive regular * but ultimately quite surmountable * blockage by Shani-indicated agencies as protocols of large corporations, rules and policies of government bureaucracies, rigidly judgmental or punitive systems, and fearful elderly persons.

Shani the Resistor ++ Mangala the Challenger

have two different friendship relationships

Shani views Kuja as His (threatening, explosive) direct enemy. Shani is afraid of Kuja.

Kuja views Shani as a (boring, old, ossified) neutral. Kuja is not afraid of Shani.


  • Animal
  • Youth
  • Attack
  • Anger
  • Advance
  • Rajas

  • Freedom of Movement
  • Release
  • Dynamic
  • Confrontational
  • Active
  • Reactive
  • Innovative
  • Danger
  • Explosion


  • Mineral
  • Elder
  • Retreat
  • Patience
  • Continence
  • Delay
  • Tamas

  • Conditions and restrictions
  • Lawfulness
  • Static situations
  • Sedentary
  • Neutral
  • Conformist
  • Regulatory
  • Statutory
  • Systematic

BPL Notes on the mutual drishti of Shani-into-Mangala and Mangala-into-Shani

  • Runaway Bride 1967- drama-commerce Julia Roberts * Dhanus-Kuja-[Mūla] 5 in mutual drishti with Shani-Meena-8. Contradictory influences form a permanent tension between 5-8

Shri Raman's observations (below) are summative. Bhava location is also important for prediction of expected outcomes.

Shani flourishes in bhava 7-10-11.

Mangala prospers in bhava 1-10-8.

Shani-10] receiving drishti from Mangala-7 is energized in His leadership responsibilities and may be a dynamic executive However, one may feel pestered by the impatient younger men and one may under dire transits actually remember feeling hunted by predators (from other lifetimes). However, as a general rule, the Mangala drishti into karma-sthāna-10 benefits the career, and Shani-10 indicates longevity in bureaucratic roles.

  • Mughal Emperor 1592-1666 Shah Jahan * Kuja-7-Meena casts drishti into Shani-yuti-Rahu-Mithuna-10. Shah Jahan was a great leader who left a tremendous legacy. Yet, as an Empire-building warrior, he was naturally accustomed to a lifetime pattern of being hunted by his worthy opponents, both in battle and in the elegant court. In old age [Shani] some predatory younger men (his own sons) did indeed overwhelm him. Shani is made much more resilient against Mangala's incursions via Shani's proximity to ambitious Rahu-Mithuna a clever trickster of tactical communications and signaling.

Mangala-1 is a competitive agent aiming for championship in the field, but He generates a significant Kuja Dosha for marriage purposes. If Mangala-1 suffers mutual drishti with Shani-4, one may realize the need for hard work and attention to safety in the home.

Mangala can be a troublemaker for Kanya nativities, and somewhat for Mithuna indriya-lagna as well.


~~ B.V. Raman , A Catechism of Astrology . p. 30:

" Q. 37

What is the effect of the mutual aspect of the two great malefics Saturn and Mars?

Do they indicate violence?

Does it make any difference if Saturn is the lord of 1?"

" Ans. No such general rule can be given. It depends on the position and ownership of the aspecting planets.

Saravali ascribes the following results:

  1. When Saturn occupies Aries or Scorpio and is aspected by Mars, the native will injure innocent animals, will be a leader of goondas (niffians), will be addicted to drink and women but he will also be famous (Khyatha).

  2. When Saturn occupies Taurus or Libra aspected by Mars, the native will be fond of warlike stories and will cowardly in the battlefield, and will be a braggart.

  3. When Saturn occupies Gemini or Virgo and is aspected by Mars, he will be obstinate, will be awkward in form and appearance, will be attacked by fits , and will carry others' burden."

  4. When Saturn occupies Cancer and is aspected by Mars, he will become rich through royal or divine favor, will be maimed in physique, will have wealth, servants and ornaments and will be fond of bad relations and women.

  5. When Saturn occupies Leo and is aspected by Mars, he will be an itinerant and ungrateful, will be thievish , will frequent hilly places or forest or forts, will be without wife or children.

  6. When Saturn occupies Sagittarius or Pisces, and is aspected by Mars, he will be attacked by severe gout, will be despised by people , will live in foreign countries, and will be miserly and poor.

  7. When Saturn occupies Capricorn or Aquarius, and is aspected by Mars, he will be warlike , will be famous and adventurous and will be a leader of men.

  1. Similarly when Mars occupies Aries or Scorpio and Saturn aspects [Mars] same, he will be weak, will be devoid of followers or relations, will marry another wife .

  2. When Mars occupies Taurus or Libra and Saturn aspects same, he will be happy, famous, rich, learned , and will be a leader of men.

  3. When Mars occupies Gemini or Virgo and is aspected by Saturn, he will be an agriculturist , employed in mining, will be an itinerant, will be an occupant of hilly places and forts, will be poor, dirty and miserable .

  4. When Mars occupies Cancer and is aspected by Saturn, he will be a navigator , poor, beautiful, and engaged in princely trades .

  5. When Mars occupies Leo and is aspected by Saturn, he will be prematurely old , poor, will be living in others' houses , and will be unhappy.

  6. When Mars occupies Sagittarius or Pisces and is aspected by Saturn, he will be ugly, warlike, sinful, atraveller, and bereft of financial wealth , health, and One's Dharma.

  7. When Mars occupies Capricorn or Aquarius and aspected by Saturn, he will become a king, wealthy, but despised by women; will have many children, will be warlike and learned but unhappy."

BPHS, sarga-246, shloka-1

" Should

  1. Mars and Saturn exchange their rashi or Navamsha,

  2. be in fateful degrees (of those Rashi occupied by them),

  3. and are placed in Kendra (from Lagna),

the native 's death will be through sovereign wrath

or by being impaled by a spear or some such killing weapons."

QUOTATION Das commentary WRTShani-yuti-Kuja in any rashi,

" Infamous acts.

Deceptive and suffer from mental anguish.

  • Contentious but not intelligent.

You will, however, be a connoisseur of music and drama.

  • Irreligious, quarrelsome, and of a thievish mentality.

Clever in metallurgy

  • and in creating an atmosphere which, though unreal,
  • will have a semblance of reality (as is done with silver and gold-plated articles or by jugglers or in circus shows).

You may suffer from diseases arising out of bile and wind, and also suffers mentally or physically from a chronic disease.

May be expert in jugglery, deceit, be a liar, athief and unhappy, and may be troubled by attacks or poisons."

Instinctive Competitive Animal Movement (Angarika)


Principled Social Order Governance [Shani]

One of the permanent core dynamics in human life is the eternal tension between individual freedom of movement [Mangala] and the rule of law that guarantees basic protections of life, liberty, and property [Shani].

  • Western social philosophy has been focused on the polarities of this dynamic relationship since Plato.

  • Kant, Hegel, and Marx all have opinions about it.

  • The British political philosophical tradition of Hobbes, burke, and Mill explores this perpetual tension in great detail.

Shani is much more threatened by Aggressive and Active Angarika than Kuja by Slow and Sober Shani.

Shani is intimidated by battering Kuja. However, mangala is merely annoyed by Shani's obstructionism and impedance.

  • Jyotishavidya planetary-friendship rules indicate a basic reality of human life.

  • A physically strong person can override the boundaries of social law and custom rather easily. Strong-willed, dynamically energized criminals or rebellious individuals who have little regard for Law can pose serious threats to social stability.

  • Martian individuals themselves are not overly impressed by the rule of law and order, and tend not to pay much attention to social authority. Thus Shani's hierarchical control laws are not threatening enough for Kuja to consider Shani a serious enemy. But Shani is quite scared of Angaraka!

Friends and Enemies of Shani = Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Law?

  • In addition to Menacing Mangala, shani's other Enemies are those who transcend social law by choosing the path less traveled: the spiritual truth-seekers = intelligent Sun + intuitive-perceptive Moon.

  • Shani's social stability agenda is However, naicely supported by His friends = the pleasure-seekers Shukra and Budha, who strive not for truth but rather sensuality and mental distraction.

  • Shani = neutral toward the all-accepting wise Guru.

Each individual experiences the tension between oppressive social control and individual freedom of movement, in a different way.

The Jyotishavidya relationship between Shani and Mangala reveals how much and what kind of burdens, duties and obligations the native has chosen to endure in this lifetime versus what quantity and quality of physical, sexual, and commercial freedom the native might be permitted.

  • The key contrast = hold-back of Shani versus push of Kuja. Restrictions are often beneficial, providing safety and discipline. Movements are often dangerous, allowing aggression and exploitation - especially war.

  • Both Shani and Mangala are malefics, but Shani is not destructive the way Mangala is.

  • Shani impedes, delays, restrains, oppresses, and resists. Shani does not kill or mangle.

When Shani and Mangala enter a harmonious relationship (such as parivartamsha yoga ),a good result can potentially manifest via conscious harnessing of personal energies by voluntary discipline.

The default result =

  • lawful but reactive aggression in the bhava occupied by Mangala
  • heightened anxiety in the bhava occupied by Shani.

The default outcome is by far more common. Even so, one benefits from the march of Time.

  • Mangala's instinctive appetite for birth, destruction and rebirth matures over time

  • into a more principled and judicious use of vital force, as fuel for concentrated action toward determined goals.

  • one may be increasingly able to regulate the fleshly energies

  • and move with a combination of determination and caution which recipe is known through hard experience.

One foregoes both short-term freedom and short-term security, preferring the longer-term benefits of conscious instinct-regulation.

True freedom and true security are both achieved, although personal sacrifice of time and energy on the physical level are required, and there should be strong support in domains 1, 8, 10, and 11 (body, sacrifice-transformation, respect, and goals).

Parivartamsha yoga for Shani and Kuja occurs only in 4 cases:

  1. Shani = Mesha / Kuja = Makara

  2. Shani = Mesha / Kuja = Kumbha

  3. Shani = Vṛścika / Kuja = Makara

  4. Shani = Vṛścika / Kuja = Kumbha

When Shani and Mangala directly conflict (as in mutual aspect) the battle between primitive human selfishness and constraining systems of social conformity make the native both aggressive and oppressed.

The result may be perpetual anxiety , which peaks during periods of Shani and Mangala.

  • Mutual aspect of Shani + Mangala = a frequent occurrence, having 24 varieties.

  • Jaimini rashi drishti = Chara rashi aspects chara rashi; sthira rashi aspects sthira rashi; dwishva-bhava aspects dwishva-bhava rashi.

The fact that these troublesome mutual aspects are quite commonplace tells us something about human beings, who tend to run a goodly amount of aggression and oppression, in their psychic space.

Be on the lookout for these difficult combinations which suggest either anxious pushing (Mars overpowers Shani)or anxious resistance to the perceived Mars invasion via excessive oppression or repression (Shani overwhelms Mars):

  1. Shani = Mesha / Kuja = Tula

  2. Shani = Mesha / Kuja = Makara

  3. Shani = Vrishabha / Kuja = Vṛścika

  4. Shani = Vrishabha / Kuja = Kumbha

  5. Shani = Mithuna / Kuja = Dhanau

  6. Shani = Mithuna / Kuja = Meena

  7. Shani = Karka / Kuja = Markara

  8. Shani = Karka / Kuja = Mesha

  9. Shani = Simha / Kuja = Kumbha

  10. Shani = Simha / Kuja = Vrishabha

  11. Shani = Kanya / Kuja = Meena

  12. Shani = Kanya / Kuja = Mithuna

  13. Shani = Tula / Kuja = Mesha

  14. Shani = Tula / Kuja = Karka

  15. Shani = Vṛścika / Kuja = Vrishabha

  16. Shani = Vṛścika / Kuja = Simha

  17. Shani = Dhanau / Kuja = Mithuna

  18. Shani = Dhanau / Kuja = Kanya

  19. Shani = Makara / Kuja = Karkata

  20. Shani = Makara / Kuja = Tula

  21. Shani = Kumbha / Kuja = Simha

  22. Shani = Kumbha / Kuja = Vṛścika

  23. Shani = Meena / Kuja = Kanya

  24. Shani = Meena / Kuja = Dhanus

angular relationships of Shani and Kuja ==

the balance between safety and movement, order and competition, lawful restriction and personal instinci

These are just the skeleton effects. Add Chandra and Surya lagna for fuller view.

  1. Shani - Mesha + Mangala

  2. Shani- Vrishabha + Mangala

  3. Shani- Mithuna + Mangala

  4. Shani - Karkata + Mangala

  5. Shani- Simha + Mangala

  6. Shani - Kanya + Mangala

  7. Shani - Thula + Mangala

  8. Shani - Vṛścika + Mangala

  9. Shani - Dhanau + Mangala

  10. Shani - Makara + Mangala

  11. Shani - Kumbha + Mangala

  12. Shani - Meena + Mangala

QUOTATION The Dalai Lama Gets Angry

Tenzing Gyatso . (2003). The Compassionate Life

" Despite being a monk and a supposed practitioner of the Guide to the Bodhisattva's Way of Life , imyself still occasionally become irritated and angry and, as a result, use harsh words toward others.

Then, afew moments later when the anger has subsided, ifeel embarrassed; the negative words are already spoken, and there is truly no way to take them back.

Although the words themselves are uttered and the sound of the voice has ceased to exist, their impact lives on.

Hence, the only thing I can do is to go to the person and apologize.

But in the meantime, imay feel quite shy and embarrassed.

This shows that even a short instance of anger and irritation creates a great amount of discomfort and disturbance to the one who gets angry, not to mention the harm caused to the person who is the target of that anger.

So in reality, these negative states of mind obscure our intelligence and good judgment and thereby case great damage."

A Certain Amount of Hardship on the Path

QUOTATION ~~ Tenzing Gyatso . (2005). Essence of the Heart Sutra: The Dalai Lama's Heart of Wisdom Teachings. Thupten Jinpa (Trans. and Ed.). Wisdom Publications.

" The Buddha's life exemplifies a very important principle -- a certain amount of hardship is necessary in one's spiritual pursuit.

We can also see this principle at work in the lives of other great religious teachers, such as Jesus Christ or the Muslim prophet Mohammed.

Furthermore, ithink that the followers of these teachers, if they wish to attain the highest spiritual realizations within their tradition, must themselves undergo a process of hardship , which they endure through dedicated perseverance.

There is sometimes the tendency among the followers of the Buddha to imagine, perhaps only in the back of their minds, that"Although the Buddha went through all of those hardships to attain enlightenment they aren't really necessary for me. Surely, ican attain enlightenment without giving up life's comforts."

Perhaps such people imagine that, because they are somehow more fortunate than the Buddha, they can attain the same spiritual state as he did without any particular hardships or renunciation. This is, ithink, mistaken.

...While Buddhism has adapted to the culture of each new civilization it has encountered, it nonetheless retains its emphasis on morality and discipline as essential for spiritual maturation .

If we ourselves want the attainments described by the Buddha-- The deep concentration and the penetrating insights -- then we too must endure some amount of hardship and observe ethical behavior."


Rhododendron Forest in the Annapurna Region of Nepal Himalaya


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