see also: muhurta
Positions for Chandra and Lagna
Rules quoted from
, Light on Relationships : The Synastry of Indian Astrology
by Hart Defouw, Robert E. Svoboda
- rough-patch, knot, gnarl, a gnarly spot, bubble,
- something that sticks out from the surface -- like a
cheek-bone, or a button
- buttons on a computer console are called
- = end, final spot, termination, limit
- = little knot in the wood
Apte Sanskrit Dictionary
- gaṇḍ [verb class 1P] To be
Recommended Attitude toward Gandanta - a choppy section
Imagine that one is drifting down a beautiful river in a comfortable secure
boat. One becomes accustomed to the hum and purl of the river currents.
Sometimes faster, or slower, but overall one feels soothed by the reliable
flowing rhythms of the water.
Yet, this lovely river must empty into the ocean!
As the boat encounters the incoming marine tides, the water gets choppy! The
sweet little boat may be tossed and heaved by the conflicting
currents that physicists call "interference patterns".
It seems that movement is no long flowing swiftly forward, but rather
shaking and shuddering from side-to-side, as the ocean waves collide with
the riverine impulse, spreading disruption and upset.
But then, the little
boat learns to navigate through the shore waves, and soon enough one is floating
along on the ocean channels.
Careful Response to Turbulence
Turbulence occurs in the
liminal zones where Jala-rashi mixes with Agni-rashi
- Naturally, anyplace where water
[jala] mixes with fire
[agni] is going to
require careful handling [lethal scalding geysers vs. healing medicinal
steam baths] .
Clear Mentality and Spacious Perception
within these turbulent zones, Budha’s conversational explaining turns to Ketu’s
Silent Witness. There are mental-health dimensions here, in regard to the
ways in which others may apprehend one's mentality.
- Depending on the
qualities of the fourth-pada of the Budha-ruled nakshatra, one may be gifted in
clearly explaining one's psychic perceptions to others.
Awareness of Emptiness
In particular, Ketu provides
awareness of emptiness.
- At the tamasic level, emptiness can be stupidity or
- At the rajasic level, emptiness can be a dehumanizing lack of empathy.
- However, at the sattvic level, Ketu can be an immensely uplifting, purely divine
Within the gandanta zones,
- well-chosen vocabulary [Budha] and authentic luminousness of perception [Ketu]
great spiritual teachers.
Benefits of Attention to
The gandanta sections of
the life-pathway do demand special attention to the unique psycho-mental mixture
that operates in these special zones.
However, gandanta zones are not inherently
- and may produce practical benefits of skillful psychic communication.
Gandanta units of measure
- One rashi = 30 degrees counted from 00:00 to 29:59
- one rashi contains 30 deg = 1800 minutes of arc
- all 12 rashi in solar ecliptic = 360 degrees = 21,600 arc-minutes
- One nakshatra has four pada [= quarter = one-fourth]
- One nakshatra-pada = 03-deg + 20-min [analog] = 200 arc-minutes
- One nakshatra = 13-deg + 20-min. = 800 arc-minutes
- One rashi = 9 nakshatra-pada
- One rashi = 9 x 03:20 = 1800 arc-minutes = 1800/60 = 30 degrees
- 27 nakshatra within the ecliptic
- 27 x 9 = total 108 nakshatra-pada = 21,600 arc-minutes
For the purpose of slicing up time, the portions of the ecliptic [rashi,
nakshatra, pada] can be divided with
a variety of divisors.
For example, divide into sixteenths.
- There is a unit of time which = 1/16th of the 360-degree circle-of-ecliptic =
1350 arc-minutes [ = 22.5 deg]
- There is a unit of time which = 1/16th of
a rashi = 112.5 arc-minutes [ = 1.875 deg.]
- There is a unit of time which =
1/16th of a nakshatra = 50.0 arc-minutes [ = 0.833 deg,]
- There is a unit of
time called nadika, which = 1/16th of a nakshatra-pada = 12.5 arc-minutes [ =
- There are 16 nadika in each pada.
Or, divide into sixtieths.
One unit of measure that can be used to define a
gandanta zone is a ghatika.
घटिकायन्त्र ghatikayantra = clock [usually a
- There is a unit of time called घटिका ghatika which = 1/60th of a nakshatra.
- There are 60 ghatika in one nakshatra.
- One ghatika = 800/60 arc-minutes = 13.33 arc-minutes [=
approximately 0.2 deg]
Exegesis by BPL
BPHS अथ गण्डान्त जात
शान्त्यउपाय: [Delhi, Ranjan
Pub., 1995 edition, p. 1026-1028]
Chapter-92 [in this
edition] specifies different gandanta birth conditions and the Shanti-Upaya for
Remember that BPHS is not written by a single author or
even a coherent group of authors. BPHS is a compilation of many partial
manuscripts that were found during a wide search by a particular committee.
The committee was attempting to collect the widest
possible array of Jyotishashastra commentaries. The scriptures were stored in a
gazillion places all over the Land of Bharata and in the diaspora.
They have been copied and re-copied manually for
centuries. There are copy-errors in which a single wrong letter can produce a
deceptive meaning. Regional rituals particularly upaya are often added to the
original astrological topic. And so on.
As a result, some of BPHS is actual Jyotishashastra and
some of it is superstitious fearful cultural barnacle which got mixed in during
As Yeshua said, it is necessary to separate the wheat from the chaff.
- immediately declares that rituals performed or travel undertaken during
these terrible gandanta will result in death of the person concerned.
Except for the core truth that all human incarnations must endure a
cycle of birth-and-death - i.e., everyone dies - this proclamation is likely
an artifact of KaliYuga worldview, and can be dismissed.
- describes Tithi Gandanta तिथि गण्डान्त
Shloka-3 describes Nakshatra-Gandanta
- final 2-ghatika of Revati, and the initial 2-ghatika of Dasra [=
approximately last 0.5 deg + first 0.5 deg]
- final 2-ghatika of Sarpa, and the initial 2-ghatika of Magha [=
approximately last 0.5 deg + first 0.5 deg]
- final 2-ghatika of Shakra, and the initial 2-ghatika of Mula [=
approximately last 0.5 deg + first 0.5 deg]
Shloka-4 describes Lagna-Gandanta लग्न
गण्डान्त measured by half-ghatika अर्ध गण्डान्त
- final half-ghatika अर्ध गण्डान्त [0.1 deg] of Meena lagna + initial
final half-ghatika [0.1 deg] of Aja lagna
- final half-ghatika [0.1 deg] of Karka lagna + initial final half-ghatika
[0.1 deg] of Hari lagna
- final half-ghatika [0.1 deg] of Ralicha lagna + initial final
half-ghatika [0.1 deg] of Apah lagna
Shloka-5 declares that the zone of अभुक्त मूल [abhukta-mula]
comprises the area of a Great Obstacle महाविघ्न [mahavighna]
- final six ghatika of Indra and initial eight ghatika of Rakshasa
- [i.e., final 80 arc-minutes = 1.3 deg Jyestha
++ initial 106 arc-minutes = 1.8 deg. of Mula]]
[total range = 3.1 deg]
Shloka-6-8 describes the ritual remedial Upaya to be performed by the
Other authorities measure gandanta differently,
for example, while some
might measure gandanta precisely and narrowly as 1/16th of a nakshatra pada,
which is about 0.2 degrees on either side, for a total hot-zone of 0.4 degrees,
gandanta is often generalized as 1/16th of a nakshatra = approximately
0.8 degrees [50 arc-minutes] on either side of the boundary = a total hot-zone
of about 1.6 degrees.
- the final [anta] one-sixteenth of the Budha-ruled nakshatra of the
jala-rashi [Naga, Kita, Pushan]
- the first one-sixteenth of the Ketu-ruled nakshatra
of the agni-rashi. [Dasra, Makha, Nirriti]
one of the many designations related to
= juncture, transition-zone, or cusp.
GaGandanta areas = six rashi cusps that form the borders
between two rashi
[Karkata-Simha, Vrischika-Dhanus, Meena-Mesha]
between two Nakshatra
[Naga-Magha, Jyestha-Mula, Revati-Asvini]
- Aslesha-4 + Magha-1 traditionally called matri-gandanta, believed to
harm the mother
- Jyestha-4 + Mula-1 traditionally called pitri-gandanta, believed to harm
- Revati-4 + Asvini-1 traditionally called sva-gandanta, believed to harm
Chandra lagna or kundali indriya-lagna is considered to be a
when lagna occupies a Gandanta zone
The final 0.8 degrees of the last pada
of the jala-rashi
final two ghatika = final 48 arc-minutes = final 0.8 deg. of the final pada of Aśleṣa - Naga
final two ghatika = final 48 minutes = 0.8 deg. of the final pada of Jyeṣṭha - Antares
final two ghatika = final 48 minutes = 0.8 deg. of the final pada of
Revati - Pushana
The initial 0.8 degrees of the
first pada of the agni-rashi
first two ghatika = first 48 minutes [0.8 deg.] of the first pada of Aśvini - Dasra
first two ghatika = first 48 minutes [0.8 deg.] of the first pada of Magha - Regulus
first two ghatika = first 48 minutes [0.8 deg.] of the first pada of Mula - Nirṛti
Budha activates the 4th pada (final 3-min + 20sec portion) of Aśleṣa - Naga, Jyeṣṭha - Antares, and Revatī - Pushan.
Old-timer Chandra is friendly toward young inquistor Budha.
According to lore, Budha is the offspring of Professor Chandra.
However, young Budha
resents old Chandra. According to lore,
bantering Budha's true but illegitimate father is actually Shri Chandra.
Therefore, a gandanta
Moon combined with a dominant Budha [e.g., Budha in Kanya or Mithuna[ may cause the person to over-verbalize about their emotional fluctuations, resulting in a psychological fixation on
delivering the narrative of their problems.
This profile may seek a sympathetic listening audience to rehearse their tales
For example, a weakened gandanta-zone Revati Chandra, where Chandra receives drishti of [uchcha-Budha] in yuvati bhava, can give a relentlessly verbal-analytical spouse who accurately but painfully dissects all the personality weaknesses of the native .
A weakened Chandra cannot self-defend.
But such extremes are rare. Normally, gandanta is a minor factor
in evaluating the Moon or lagna.
In practice, the end-zones of Aśleṣa and Revatī - Pushana = rarely poor places for the Moon unless other influences, in addition to gandanta, would destabilize Chandra.
The first pada of Mula is notorious for sentimental nihilism - but this
is not the result of gandanta. It is the pervasive reality of Mula, the
Jyeṣṭha pada-4 = a weakened lunar zone. Chandra Vṛścika = nīcha
AND Chandra occupies the nakshatra of His adversarial son Budha
Any lagna can be weakened
if it occurs at the end of Aśleṣa, Jyestha, or Revati, if its lagnesha is not strong.
EXAMPLES of GANDANTA CHANDRA in NAKSHATRA OF BUDHA pada-4
patterns of reinterpretation of cultural narratives [Budha], by means
of either harkening to the old roots [Aslesha] or delivering
transformative instructions [Jyestha] or explaining an expanded
A devoted mother, who will "do
anything" within her power in order to help her child, is normally part of the
routine-challenging Gandanta mechanism. However, complications to
Chandra-Jyestha can harm the mother's effects.
= Meena navamsha]
[26:40 until 30:00 Karkata]
Satyagraha 1869-1948 Mahatma
No graha in Magha-1. Aslesha is reputed for never letting go.
Invoking the most profound rhythms of ancient Bharati ancestry [Soma] MG used
to break the colonial subjugation routine. Often called the Mother of
the Indian Independence movement, MG's mom was unswervingly dedicated
to her son and to the common folk.
Note: MG's Chandra appears to occupy a degree of 29:57, undeniably a
gandanta zone. However, Chandra intakes no Parashari drishti.
Aside from the suffering which he willingly and consciously undertook, MG
was not afflicted by "outside" forces. Neither was his mother harmed in the
so-called matri-gandanta [except perhaps that mom was a junior-wife].
Silly Love Songs 1942- Beatle
Rhythm and melody were the familiar, soothing, customary
means. Gandanta Chandra sought to brbreak the routine of cruelty by
advertising vegetarianism, advocating animal-rights, and helping to
de-criminalize marijuana. [Mom died by cancer, Paul's age 14] Chandra
intakes drishti from Shani.
Jyeṣṭha-4= Meena navamsha]
[26:40 until 30:00 Vrischika]
Hour of Decision 1918-2018 Rev.
[3, media-messaging] Nothing in Mula-1. BG sought to break the
customary worship routine [Soma-worship] of impersonal rote religious
Despite controversy and repudiation from conservative priesthoods, BG
transformed [Vrischika] the technology of spiritual rejuvenation [Vrischika] by
turning the sacrament of baptism inside-out. No longer
conferred by an outside authority, rebirth could now be initiated entirely from
within. Mom was a dadaily-praying supporter of her preacher son.
As a side benefit, BG's prayer media became a multi-million-dollar business
[Rahu-3] Chandra intakes no Parashari drishti.
[1, personality] Nothing in Mula-1 NG's mom struggled with bipolar disorder. At her age 16,
Newt was born into unstability. Yet, mom fervently supported her son and their
bond remained close
[Chandra-1] Chandra rules 9-faith, and Soma intakes drishti
from Guru+Rahu-9. NG believed that he had a destiny to break the customary
ideological routines and change the
world . However, the size of the morally hypocritical gap
between his ideological pontification vs. his vovolatile personal life became too
great, and little was accomplished. Chandra intakes drishti from Shani,
Budha, Rahu, and Guru.
POTUS-45 Play to Win 1946- Beauty Pageants
[5 politics, entertainment] Nothing in Mula-1. DJT's mom was hospitalized
during his childhood, and she remained emotionally unavailable afterward
In public, mom dutifully if ambivalently supported her
financially predatory husband and sons. Chandra rules the Karkata lagna,
containg Shani-Shukra. DJT needed to break the customary routines of
gambling, entertainment, and politics . He solved errors of speculation
with bankruptcy [Ketu] Dismissed as a clown
by most political pandits, DJT got elected POTUS-45. Yet, his inincoherent
politics were unsustainable
[Ketu]. Generally, Ketu excels at breaking
things up, but the Akashi cannot leave a lasting legacy of intelligent change.
Chandra intakes drishti from Rahu-uchcha, Surya, and Mangala.
Friends 1969- drama-fashion
Nothing in Mula-1. Estrangement from a betraying mother
due to [nīcha-Somana-yuti-Kuja]
for Kanya nativity. Needs to break the customary routines of media-messaging
 + marketplace profits [Chandra rules 11] Starting as a dramatist,
JA became a top earning producer-businesswoman  in television and cinema.
However, the emotional trust which was destroyed by her jejealous mother
took its toll on her marriages. Chandra intakes drishti of Rahu-7.
= Meena navamsha]
Starry Messenger 1564-1642
famed lutist and singer Nothing in D-1 Asvini-4. Galileo's mom would have been a
quiet woman, due to Chandra-12; however [Chandra-12 parivartamsha Guru-4-uchcha]
shows the mom provided the intuitive
, foundational support
for his life. After she was widowed, mom lived with Galileo until her own
death. Galileo had a need to break the customary routines of cosmic
understanding [Meena, 12] . Although he died in captivity 
having been disputed and punished by the priestly indoctrinators, he greatly
succeeded in expanding the Big Picture concept [Meena].
intake of drishti from Guru, Chandra has parivartamsha yoga with Guru.
Ave Maria 1935-2007 tenor
[vargottamsha] Nothing in Asvini-4.
Despite the long delay in his ability to earn money, LP's impoverished parents
supported his passion for musical performance. LP had a need to
break the customary routines of formal operatic theatre
. LP sang outside of the opera-house, on television, in sports arenas.
He went commercial, he went public, he went far outside the stuffy, antiquated
limits of ethnic Italian opera culture. LP popularized opera-music [Revati] and
made it familiar to the world. He also generated big charities [Meena] for
children . Although treated with contempt by haughty conservatives, LP
succeeded in revitalization of Italian opera
and spreading its musical scope. Chandra intakes Parashari
drishti from Surya and Guru.
EXAMPLES of GANDANTA CHANDRA in NAKSHATRA OF KETU pada-1
patterns of either moral looseness or moral strictness, which
challenge the Ancient Ways, along with a devoted mother, who will "do anything" within her
power in order to help her child.
[00-00 until 03-20 Mesha]
POTUS-29 Teapot Dome 1865-1923
Harding = [Asvini-1 Chandra-9] + Revati-4 Ketu-8]. WGH's mom held a respected position as a rural midwife;
she later became a licensed
physician [Asvini]. Handsome and articulate, WGH was a raging philanderer who lived with
unrecognized heart disease, which caused bouts of severe debilitation. WGH was
the puppet of a corrupt political machine. As POTUS, he admitted that he lacked
the qualifications necessary to lead the nation. WGH was morally
impure [Chandra]. Yet, WGH supported Native American citizenship [Chandra] and women's
[Chandra] These new entitlements broke the Meena-Yuga routine
[weak Chandra] and became law under the next POTUS,
My Fair Lady 1908-1990 musical theatre
both in Asvini-1]but nothing in Revati-4.
Philanderer extraordinaire, RH was front-page news on the US/UK cinema
tabloids for decades. Six marriages, broken-heart suicides, countless celebrity
romances, other moral impurities supplied an endless feast for the
scandal-hungry readers. Nevertheless, his devoted mother supported RH drama
career from childhood, and RH work-ethic was considered exemplary.
CHANDRA in [inventive-pioneering
POTUS-27 Dollar Diplomacy 1857-1930
William Howard Taft
both in Magha-1 but nothing in Aslesha-4. WHT's mother was very
well educated, earning her bachelor's diploma in 1845. Mom vigorously promoted
[Kuja] the judicial-political careers first of her husband [WHT's dad] and then
of her son [WHT], creating a Taft Dynasty which endured for a
century in USA national leadership. Mangala lagnesha-rogesha brought WHT into
scenes of war, ethnic conflict, rampant bribery, and institutionalized graft. He
suffered serious health problems including obesity [rogesha Kuja]. Yet WHT
completed his career with dignity as Supreme Court Chief Justice, and his
reputation was never tainted by scandal.
On Golden Pond 1937- drama-fitness
Jane Seymour Fonda [inventive-pioneering
[Chandra-6, criticism = rules 5-drama, politics, celebrity] Nothing in Aslesha-4 Wishing to
break the politics of
dehumanizing war and mistreatment of women, JSF became relentlessly
outspoken. Despite misogynistic backlash, her anti-war efforts
bore fruit after many decades. [Mom died by suicide, Jane's age 12].
Chandra-6 mutual-drishti with fighter Mangala-12.
Faith 1963-2016 singer-songwriter
Nothing in Aslesha-4. GM personal iniquity was often in the
entertainment headlines, spanning illegal drug misuse, lewd sexual conduct, and
drunk driving convictions. Compounding the moral challenge, Kuja is the 3-8
troublemaker for Kanya nativities. Nevertheless, his devoted mother
[a theatrical dancer] vigorously promoted [Kuja] GM's musical
gifts from childhood, and his [often anonymous] philanthropic generosity was
CHANDRA in [inventive-pioneering Mūla-1]
[00-00 until 03-20 Chandra-Dhanus]
POTUS-14-pair 1806-1863 Temperance
Jane Appleton Pierce [pushing-champion
[Guru-yuti-Rahu not in
Mula-1] Nothing in Jyestha. Situation complicated by Guru+Rahu. JAP had
severe depressive grief following the deaths of her three young sons. She
managed this terrible sorrow by becoming a preachy
[Dhanus] hyper-moralizer. Typical of gandanta-Chandra, JAP sought
to break the customary routines. She wanted to stop chronic
alcoholisn and domestic abuse
[anti-Chandra] by making liquor illegal in
USA. A national leader of the Women's Christian Temperance Movement, JAP
campaigned relentlessly for zero-tolerance prohibition
[which became law in 1920]. Yet, her alcoholic husband
POTUS-14 Bleeding Kansas 1804-1869
Franklin Pierce lost his party's support due to his
drinking, and he died of liver cirrhosis.
These three portions are all ruled by weird, dispersing, earth-alienated, psychic Ketu.
The Moon is not especially comfortable in fiery rashi generally;
Professor Chandra craves the kapha element of water.
If Ketu is over-active in the nativity, then Chandra or lagna in the first 3:20 * first pada * of Aśvini, Magha and Mula may be emotionally or physically upset from being subjected to
Aśvini and Magha are helpful to humanity even though they behave in an eccentric way. Mula indicates smooth operators. Mula born are philosophy-talking wanderers who have little commitment to humanistic aims despite their
Mula points the way through the psychic pipeline to our galactic sun.
At present levels of Dvapara-Yuga consciousness, the psychic information which comes to us over the Mula bandwidth is socially and materially disorienting to most folks.
The final 3:20 = Mula pada-4 can be a confused, mystical, Ketu-wandering place for Chandra or lagna unless the person is otherwise grounded through high social or intellectual confidence (, strong benefics in kendra or trine).
Otherwise healthy Graha -- not only Chandra and Lagna but also the individual Graha - which happen to be
may give a weird twist to the affairs of the bhava within their rashi and navamsha during their periods.
Often there is throughout the life a
of this hidden weakness via denial or skillful rational management --
until the gandanta planet's period pushes the weakness through the denial barrier and up to the surface consciousness.
Traditional beliefs about harmfulness are usually lacking data-based evidence
Nakshatra Gandanta are believe to harm
(rikta) oneself, one's own parents, and one's brothers
Rashi Gandanta are believed to harm the family overall
Tithi Gandanta broadly harms the parents.
Tithi gandanta = final pada = final two ghatika of
- New Moon day
- 5th day after new moon * Panchami
- 10th day after new moon * Dasami
- Full Moon day
| Beware the cultural prejudice of times gone by
Due to this transitional time in human history, there is
still a great deal of misogynistic cultural baggage attached to Jyestha
positions in feminine nativities.
left-over from the tamasic sludge of Kali Yuga.
Any graha in Jyestha – and
especially Budha – becomes “outspoken” because pro-active Mangala rules the rashi
and proclaiming Budha rules Kita nakshatra.
Therefore traditionally Jyestha
graha are considered damaging for women but strengthening for men.
no data evidence of this being true, except as a cultural belief.
most prediction commentaries are re-hashings of cultural belief, not based on
much evidence at all.
Gender is a cultural construct. When culture changes,
as it is doing now at the dawn of the Kumbha Yuga, the ideal traits of gendered
identities may change also.
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