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Commerce and Material Economy

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Scots-Irish American

born five days before

  • Mark Twain Samuel Clemens 30-Nov-1835


Andrew Carnegie in 1913


capitalist, industrialist, anti-unionist, violent strike-breaker

journalist, inspirational author, philanthropist

Andrew Carnegie

Earthbody-Entry Wednesday-25-Nov-1835

Earthbody-Exit 11-Aug-1919 (age 83)


Steel Baron Industrialist, Evangelist of Capitalism * 1835-1919 * Andrew 'Andra' Carnegie

birth data from * tentatively rectified by BP Lama Jyotisha

charts, graphs and tables produced by Shri Jyoti Star * adapted by BP Lama

Rising Nakshatra

Masculine Nativities

Dhaniztha * Vasu

BPL commentary:

For Dhaniztha natives, the condition of pioneering, direct, yang-energy, forward-pushing bhratru-karaka Mangala considerably affects the outcome.

Brother-figures, warriors, hunters, athletes, dancers, champions, challengers, inventors, explorers, dis-coverers, engineers, drivers, drillers, diggers, exploders, aggressors, pursuers, and competitors may be especially influential.

Instructional guidance from the civilizations of Delphinus

QUOTATION from: Shil-Ponde.(1939). Hindu Astrology Joytisha-Shastra. p 87

"Two entirely different types are born with Dhaniztha rising.

It depends on the part of this asterism, which lies on the Rising Point, as to which type predominates.

  • The key notes of both are optimism and ambition .

They both have thick necks and heavy thighs.

  • But there the similarity stops." (see later Pada descriptions).

Biographical events matched to the Vimshottari Dasha


"Andra" Carnegie approximately age 25 * 1850's


Momma Carnegie

Chandra Mahadasha * age birth until age 1.8

25-Nov-1835 Earthbody-Entry * Chandra-Zukra period * Yogakaraka dhanakaraka atmakaraka Zukra

Mangala Mahadasha * age 1.8 until age 8.8

Rahu Mahadasha * age 8.8 until age 19.8

1848 (age 13) emigrated from Dunfermline Scotland with his parents to Allegheny Pennsylvania * Rahu-Guru period * Guru rules 12-distant lands, emigration

1848 first job (age 13) Bobbin Boy * Rahu-Guru period * Guru rules 3-manual labor

1852 (age 16) selected as personal telegrapher and assistant to father-figure patron Thomas Scott, the superintendent of Pennsylvania Railroad western division. * Rahu-Budha period * Budha rules 9-patronage

1855 Carnegie invests in Petroleum and gets heavily involved in the US Civil War. Rahu as the oily picchala-karaka also signifies slippery, bloody battlegrounds * Rahu-Ketu period

1856 decease of Father (Andrew's age 20) * Rahu-Zukra period * Zukra rules pitrimaraka 7th-from-Surya

1856 major promotion to superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, after snitching on workers who were organizing a labor strike. All the workers were fired and plunged into vicious poverty. * Rahu-Zukra period * Zukra yogakaraka lagnesha

1856 North wins the war, and the national infrastructure must be rebuilt -- particularly the bridges. having acquired iron properties and formed dozens of key networking associations with top officials of industry and national government - He leaves the railroad - to form an iron-bridge-building corporation * Rahu-Zukra period * Zukra yogakaraka dhanesha lagnesha, and Zukra rules Rahu

Guru Mahadasha * age until 26.8 age 42.8

1878 Continuing an affectionate relationship begun when he was still a boy, Carnegie's first commercial steel order = 2000 rails from the Pennsylvania RR * Guru-Rahu period

Shani mahadasha * age until 42.8 age 61.8

1886 publishes Triumphant Democracy which defends labor unions, decries rigid class systems and royalty * Shani-Zukra period

21-Oct-1886 * fleshdeath of his only sibling, younger brother * * Shani-Zukra period

10-Nov-1886 mother's decease * Shani-Zukra period * Zukra rules 2nd-from-4th

22-Apr-1887 marriage-1 * Shani-Zukra period

1889 publishes The Gospel of Wealth which preaches that rich people should give away all their excess money (in fact, his take-home pay = 25 million dollars - an astronomical sum in that day) * Shani-Surya period * Surya rules 8-transformation, inheritance

1889 the devastating Johnstown flood, which killed thousands of downstream people due to Carnegie and other's negligence * Shani-Surya period * Surya rules-9 catastrophe, emergency

1890 starts to come under criticism for hypocrisy and contradiction due to publications seemingly oblivious to reality * Shani-Surya period * Surya-yuti-Ketu

1892 Carnegie wields violent union-breaking power during the brutal, bloody Homestead strike * Shani-Rahu period

30-Mar-1897 child-1 (his age 61)* Shani-Guru period

Budha Mahadasha * age 61.8 until age 78.8

1899: Reorganizes all of his many companies into one concern = "Carnegie Steel" the largest and most profitable corporation in the world * Budha-Budha swabhukti * Budha rules 9-overview

1901: age 65 Carnegie sells Carnegie Steel to competitor J.P. Morgan the profits from this sale make Carnegie the materially richest man in the world * Budha-Zukra period * Zukra atmakaraka Yogakaraka dhanakaraka

1902: establishes Carnegie Institute of Technology * Budha-Zukra period * Zukra rules 4-schools

Ketu Mahadasha * age 78.8 until decease age 83

11-Aug-1919 Earthbody-Exit (age 83) * Ketu-Shani period * Shani maraka rules-2

Distinctive Features of the Nativity

Surya * pitrikaraka

Carnegie was a complex man with writ-large genius and faults. A major fault commented by his contemporaries was a tendency to believe himself infallible * Surya-yuti-Ketu + Mangala-22

Surya rules the revolutionary, emotionally turbulent, perpetually transformative, trauma-inducing 8th-from-Chandra suggesting that his father may have been a shockingly transformative influence for his mother. Andrew's relationship with his father was characterized by constant changes and early surrender Surya-yuti-Ketu when his father stopped working and his mother became the primary breadwinner.

His father's craft of hand-weaving was displaced by automated looms Surya-yuti-Ketu displacement. The family was comfortable during Andra's early childhood, then plunged into penury and hunger during his school years. Young child Andrew and his family then made the difficult transition from their predictable and reliable Scottish village to the bustling and complex and typically impoverished American industrial morass.

Drishti of Surya-yuti-Ketu + Mangala drishti to putrikisthana

Produced only one child (rare in his generation and rare for a man of his financial status) after a late-in-life marriage.

Chandra * matrikaraka * garha-karaka

3rd-from-Chandra a sister died in between Andra and Thomas; ruled by Guru-6 illness

5th-from-Chandra = Rahu-5 brother Thomas receives drishti of Mangala-Zukra-Surya

Ruler of 7 occupies 1, suggesting a dealer, broker, negotiator, trader. Most of Carnegie's fortune was capitalized from stock deals. Born into Chandra Mahadasha with Chandra-1, his mother, his land of birth, and the morality of his root folk would play a dominant role in his personality development

Marriage counted from Chandra-1

A uniquely defining feature of 'Andra' Carnegie's life history was his intensely close and often inseparable relationship to his fiercely protective mother Chandra-1. Asserting herself as his partner and protector, she regularly accompanied him to business meetings, throwing his business associates into a state of social paralysis in fear of offending her. She joined her son on summer-long Scottish holidays; and for decades she shared his large New York City hotel suite.

She famously prevented his marriage opportunities, declaring in public "there's no woman good enough for my Andra!"

At his age 50, with his elderly mother's health in decline, Carnegie began a formal courtship with the daughter of a fellow industrialist who was 21 years his junior. Notoriously, the Momma did everything in her powers to prevent the union. Sensing strong opposition, Andrew's young fiancee was determined to break the alliance. Finally momma died and Andrew, then 51, arranged a small private marriage ceremony in 1887 Shani-Zukra period

The most influential and definitive person in Andrew Carnegie's life, according to his peers and observers, was Andrew's mother. She was his parent, his roommate, and his primary partner until her death. He was deeply family oriented. Andrew married for the first and only time at age 50, immediately following the deaths of his only brother and his ever-present hover-mother. Shravana-Chandra-1 ruling Karkata-7 suggests a quietly lawful and conventional spouse. The relationship was quietly affectionate rather than passionate. The couple enjoyed a simple, non-opulent lifestyle with very little entertaining, and a sole child was born into the union 10 years after the wedding.

Chandra in Shravana * comforted by careful listening * protectors of undulating shamanic sound, customary lawfulness, structured parenting, reputable dwelling

during the era of crony capitalism a sociable, polite, reputation-alert Shravana Chandra was an extremely valuable placement. In his early jobs as a teenager, young Andrew was noticed for his nice handwriting (Budha yuti uttama-Shani) and his pleasant appearance and charisma (Surya-Zukra.) But most important to his employers were his *listening* (Shravana) capabilities, which allow him to decode incoming telegraph messages by ear without having to write them.

Kuja * bhratru-karaka * virya-karaka

Mangala = ashtangata within 7 degrees of Surya

Mangala-11 rules 4

controlled the coal, petroleum, and iron industries of mid-late 1800's USA including steel (foundries, 4) and railroads (vehicles)

Ketu-yuti-Kuja can be innovative, pioneering, and a champion of industry.

Yet Ketu-yuti-Kuja can also manifest Ketu's blatant disregard for consequences, along with a stunning lack of empathy. As one of the materially richest men in the world, Carnegie used brutal violence to break labor strikes. His bloody actions forced thousands of his employees into poverty by destroying their livelihoods.

Mangala-11 band of brothers

Carnegie belonged to a community (11) of investors who controlled most of the industrial assets of late 1800's northeastern USA. He manipulated the various personal relationships between the financially privileged men, breaking promises at will (Guru-6 many broken contracts). He enjoyed dominating this group -- but never so much that he was the only player left (Zukra-Mangala).

Kuja drishti enters 2-5-6

Budha * bandhava-karaka * zisya-karaka

Budha rules 6 occupies 10: conflict in the public reputation

A century after his fleshdeath, Carnegie is remembered equally for his brutal mistreatment of lowly workers and his extraordinary social philanthropy. His legacy flows partly from his charities, due largely to Carnegie's flamboyant style of imprinting his name on universities and libraries. However his violent labor strike-breaking and destruction of families also exemplifies the zero-empathy narcissism of self-centric "success".

During the Budha Mahadasha 1907-1911: dispersal of his remaining funds of US$125 million into the charitable Carnegie Corporation.

Budha rules 9th-from-Chandra, patronage of schoolteachers. In particular Carnegie intended to fund educational and technological advancements. Carnegie Teacher's Pension Fund created, endowed with US$10 million.

Although it looked brilliantly self-sustaining at the time, this fund unexpectedly and quickly disappeared -- Budha also rules 6th-from-Chandra (impoverishment of schoolteachers), collapse of equity. The financial problem (6) occurred due to extraordinary actuarial gains in longevity of Americans, especially the long-living group of women teachers.

dissolution of wealth in general compounded by Zukra-yuti-Ketu

Guru * dhavakaraka * bahuta-karaka

From Chandra-Makara lagna, the believers' voice of abundant, doctrinal, theoretical, philosophical, preaching Professor Guru rules

  • the emotionally motivated information-delivering, evangelical, publishing, announcing, script-reading, reporting, conversational, process-managing communications of 3rd-from-Chandra
  • the emotionally motivated sanctuary-seeking, private, retreating, withdrawing, choistered, imaginative, meditative 12th-from-Chandra

Gospel of Wealth 1835-1919 Andrew Carnegie has a shad-ashtaka 6-8 Chandra-1-angle-Guru-6. Despite tremendous treasuries and broad public respect, his life was afflicted by ongoing accusations of exploitation, pollution, hypocrisy and conflict. Carnegie made his first fortune from the USA Civil War.

Guru-6 rules 3 and the emotionally motivated evangelical communicative cohort instructive descriptive team-working administrative managerial announcing publishing reporting explanatory conversational lyrical messaging 3rd-from-Chandra * publications, evangelism * bending the facts, fantasy statistics

Carnegie was an inveterate evangelist of the capitalist ideology who played fast and loose with the facts. A majority of the statistics which he used to inspire his reading audience were either exaggerated or outright manufactured. Guru-6 many mistruths. In his publishing campaign as in his larger career, Carnegie seemed to believe that the end justified the means.

In addition to managing (3) the world's largest corporations (of their times) Carnegie wrote constantly throughout his life. His output included several best-selling inspirational philosophies. His statistical "facts" were adjusted to suit the aim of his message; indeed most were drawn from the world of fantasy (Guru rules 12).

Also Surya-yuti-Mangala, where Mangala shoots drishti-eye into bhava-6, suggests unbridled confidence in one's own beliefs (Guru beliefs)

indeed as Carnegie's own brother complained that Andra believed himself nearly infallible. And so, it turned out, did many of his worshipful readers.

Guru-Mithunaya-6 rules 3-publications. Carnegie wrote hugely popular inspirational books describing the glorious principles (Guru) of commerce which in his view expanded an inclusive (Guru) society.

Guru-6 ruled by Shani-yuti-Budha-10 exposes a philosophical materialism which produce both philosophical justification for materialism and expansive generosity.

Guru rules 3-12 in 6 * Vimala Yoga

Considered a shrewd ego-maniac who would break any agreement for personal advantage, Andrew Carnegie trusted no one and exploited everyone. Nevertheless Vimala Yoga is highly protective, and Carnegie was never personally harmed by the hypocritical, and criminal, environment that he supported.

treasury was derived mainly via "crony capitalism" a small coterie of financially wealthy friends engaged in a lifetime of insider trading

Steel industrialist, evangelist of Capitalist Ideology Gospel of Wealth 1835-1919 Andrew Carnegie was an inveterate preacher upon the *moral* virtues of economic capitalism as the order of civilization which brought out the best behaviors of decent folk. The fact that his vicious strike-breaking and hostile financial takeovers had murdered, crippled and starved thousands of workers and their families did not disturb the passionate enthusiasm of his many sermons.

Bhava-3 cohort ruled by Guru-6

Worked in various collaborative arrangements with brother (3); teamed with a cohort (3) of investors, a small club (3) of capitalists in the rapidly industrializing northeast USA. Within this group it was said that the members frequently betrayed each other; yet new opportunities for expansion returned them to new distrusting arrangements.

Younger brother * 3rd-from-Chandra ruled by Guru-6

Carnegie enjoyed profoundly a codependent relationship with his business-partner brother (3) Thomasyounger brother Thomas Carnegie

Carnegie was known to have been extremely critical of his younger brother Thomas to the point of bullying. Yet he regularly invested Thomas as a full partner with heavy business responsibilities. Apparently Carnegie was trying try to force young Thomas to fail. However Thomas never failed.

Thomas was said to have been quietly capable yet perhaps depressed under the constant pressure from his brother. Carnegie employed his brother Thomas and invested his brother with heavy management and supervisory responsibilities, which Thomas handled admirably according to contemporaries; nevertheless Carnegie was notoriously critical toward Thomas. Peers noted that Thomas died of exhaustion although he had become a wealthy man working in cohort with his demanding elder brother."Andra" was impossible to satisfy

Thomas fulfilled the management and investment supervising roles admirably; his wealth grew (3rd-from-Chandra = 3) along with Andra's and he became a nouveau-riche robber baron along with Carnegie's entire cohort.

Yet Thomas became a clinical alcoholic (3rd-from-Chandra ruled by Guru-6) under the pressure from his ebullient brother, and died of pneumonia age 43 while Thomas was the father of nine (Guru).

Andrew Carnegie bullied (Surya) and intimidated his sibling Surya + Mangala ego-aggression. Although a capable businessman, financially privileged and respected in his community, and father of young children, young Thomas Carnegie died of alcoholism indicated by Guru-6. Most observers agreed that Thomas was driven to drink by the relentless abuse heaped upon him by empathy-absent Andrew. Ketu-yuti-Kuja and Kuja drishti to Guru-6

Messenger Guru-6 appeals to the workers

while not always factual, Carnegie's inspirational writings were enormously popular with his proletarian audience

Guru drishti enters 10-12-2

Zukra * svadhu-karaka * kalatra-karaka

Zukra is combust = 13 degrees distant from Surya,

karmapathi Zukra-Surya-Kuja-Ketu shows that his economic profile was very complex as both arrogant and rapacious whilst also a greatly respected figure to whom was attributed the genius of one skilled in games (Surya).

Shani * duro-karaka * jara-karaka


pancha-maha-purusha yoga

From Chandra-Makara lagna, the mature voice of sober serious structured hierarchical Professor Shani rules

  • the emotionally-motivated traditionalism, family lineage conserving, treasure-preserving, language-and-history remembering, acquisitive, genetic conservation of 2nd-from-Chandra
  • the emotional authenticity of in-the-body feelings represented by sensitive, receptive, absorptive Chandrana

uttama-Shani-10 rules 1-2 ++ Shani rules Chandra.

Uttamza-Shanaicarya is exceptionally structured, dutiful, and systematic in performance of public responsibilities. Uttama-Shani is associated with social justice legislation.

Shani-yuti-Budha joins lagnesha and dharmesha, producing the high-profile public identity with charity (9) and personal integrity (Shravana-Chandra-1)

Shani rules Kumbha-2 Karakamsha ruled by uttama-Shani in 9th-from-2nd * extraordinary treasuries

Shani drishti enters 12-4-7

Rahu * rajyalobha-karaka * picchala-karaka (slippery) * picchala-karaka (slippery)

luxury-and-celebrity carrying uttama-Rahu drishti enters 9-11-1

Ketu * kavandha-karaka * chidra-karaka


Carnegie in 1878

A private letter from Carnegie "to himself" from 1868 diary entry at (note to reader: Carnegie never actually carried through on the plan declared below. He continued to take a huge profit from his vast investments, and spend as he personally wished. The below proposal does however illustrate his gifts as a writer and a preacher * cluster of graha along the axis of Rahu-9)

Carnegie Libraries :

"I propose to take an income no greater than $50,000 per annum! Beyond this I need ever earn, make no effort to increase my fortune, but spend the surplus each year for benevolent purposes! Let us cast aside business forever, except for others. Let us settle in Oxford and I shall get a thorough education, making the acquaintance of literary men. I figure that this will take three years active work.

I shall pay especial attention to speaking in public. We can settle in London and I can purchase a controlling interest in some newspaper or live review and give the general management of it attention, taking part in public matters, especially those connected with education and improvement of the poorer classes.

Man must have no idol and the amassing of wealth is one of the worst species of idolatry! No idol is more debasing than the worship of money! Whatever I engage in I must push inordinately; therefore should I be careful to choose that life which will be the most elevating in its character.

To continue much longer overwhelmed by business cares and with most of my thoughts wholly upon the way to make more money in the shortest time, must degrade me beyond hope of permanent recovery. I will resign business at thirty-five, but during these ensuing two years I wish to spend the afternoons in receiving instruction and in reading systematically!"


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