modern rendition of Varuna = riding the makara (sea monster) + whip, rein, or lasso of a water-snake
Om Vam Varunaya Namah
Aditya * Aditi
eternal, no-limits, indivisible
Aditi the World Mother and Her Offspring
7 or 8 or 12 * deities of the heavenly sphere
Calotropis Gigantea,the "Crown Flower" sacred to Aditi * blooming in Hawai'i
Vocabulary for Aditya
"Belonging to or coming from Aditi, son of AditiName of seven deities of the heavenly sphere (RV)
Sindhi primary deity = Varun Dev = Lal Sai, Uderolal, Jhulelal, Doolhalal + Zinda Pir
Varuna rules earthly waters esp. rivers and oceans; He is attended by Naga; the souls of the drowned revert to Him
| What are "Aditi"? |
Who is Diti?
How many various lists of Aditya are there :) ?
Various scriptures define Aditi in various ways.
Seven or Eight
In the older texts (Rik Veda, Atharva Veda) Aditi has seven offspring, also called "aditi" in the sense of "sons of Aditi".
Aditi are called the leaders because they govern the events of the world (Earth and its cosmic environment).
Aditi is a name for the indivisible World Mother, a mother of the gods, who is the source of all things which come alive, all forms which are infused with life-force.
In later tales and tellings, there are twelve Aditi who correspond to the twelve zodiacal rashi signs.
The Aditi serve to guide the Sun during His annual march through the twelve rashi.
The twelve offspring of Aditi the World Mother are generally named as:
Yet, across the multi-millennial scope of Sanskrit literature there are numerous variants upon this particular listing. Here are a few of the many varieties.
of Surya located in 12 Razi
According to most (not all) traditions, Aditya is a
name given to Surya located
in a Ninth Amsha |
|Bhaga||the patron, who is an Aditya that protects happiness in marriage, especially for women. The eye of Bhaga is adorned with rays.|
according to W.J. Wilkins (1900) Hindu Mythology P 30:
"Surya is the name used in the Rikveda in reference to the Earth's Sun when the sun is visible to worshippers; whereas Savitra is used more often in reference to the sun when it is present but invisible to worshippers. "
Reflections on The Words
Noun Adita (m.) Aditi (f.)
Singular adjective = Aditya (often a possessive adj.)
Plural nominal = Aditi.
Possessive adjective form Aditya can mean an attribute "of Adita" such as a child of Adita (m.) or child of Aditi (f.). Aditya personified frequently refers to a putra son of his mother Aditi.
When the Sanskrit word gets adopted into other languages (such as English) the host language will often use its native method of pluralizing. Thus the 12 Aditi are usually mentioned in English as "Adityas" using the English pluralizer final-s-suffix.
Scholarly terms in English show academic prestige. Scholarly terms provea that the speaker-writer is grammatically literate enough to operate with the native morphology of a foreign language without converting the foreign word into English morphology.
For example, datum the singular form of data . However, in practice datum is used only in academic circles where people read Latin. In normal non-scholarly English usage, data functions like a mass noun which has the same form for singular and plural, like deer or pair.
Similarly, the English speaker who is adequately educated in classical Greek will use the Greek singular form phenomenon to display their knowledge, despite the fact that the word phenomena was adopted into mainstream English centuries ago as a functional mass noun, and normalized to a morphology which is more natural in English: both singular and plural form ending in "a".
Very few native English speakers are formally educated in Sanskrit grammar, and even those who are are typically in the role of communicating Vedik cultural concepts to speakers of Other Languages. So, in the process of spreading the knowledge, it becomes necessary to apply English morphology to Sanskrit (or Greek, or Latin, or Hebrew) words. And the result is the remarkable plural form, Adityas!)
In the post-RikVeda view, the Adityas operate in six pairs. They are often represented as six spokes in the wheel of Time (kala). They are called governors, leaders, or conductors. Aditya lead the Sun through the 12 rashi stations on His annual journey "around" the Earth.
updated:07 June 2020
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