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Many pranams to Shri B. V. Raman for his lifetime of devoted service to Jyotishavidya.

Nabhasa Yoga

Planetary Yoga: 71-90 from 300 Combinations 1912-1998 Jyotishi B. V. Raman

(10th ed., Delhi, 1991). Originally published in 1947.

BPL commentary:

Na-bhasa yoga = patterns that are seen "in the sky" (na = not, bhasa = earth, place, land).

The value of na-bhasa yoga does not depend upon planetary rulerships, nor upon graha-yuti, nor upon drishti, nor indeed upon any of the internal interpretive mechanics of a Jyotisha nativity. Rather, na-bhasa yoga meaning is drawn from the pattern that the graha create when visually inspected from earth.

The effects of Na-bhasa yoga are considered to shape the character and personality for life, and these effects are not affected by the fluctuations of the dasha timelines.

wikipedia: Nabhasa Yoga

~~ Koeln Sanskrit Lexicon * nabhasa

  • vapory, misty
  • sky, atmosphere
  • the rainy season
  • the ocean
  • celestial, heavenly, appearing in the sky
  • name of certain constellations (according to Bhattopala, divided into 4 classes, viz. Asraya yoga, Dala yoga, Akriti yoga, and Samkhya yoga).

Koeln Sanskrit Lexicon * akrama *

  • not happening successively
  • happening at once

Akrati Akriti form geometical diagrams which have no fixed starting point and thus do not involve a sequence

According to BPHS there are 20 Akriti Yoga

  1. Gada
  2. Shakata
  3. Shringataka
  4. Vihaga
  5. Hala,
  6. Vajra,
  7. Yava,
  8. Kamala,
  9. Vapi,
  10. Yoopa,
  11. Shara,
  12. Shakti,
  13. Danda,
  14. Nauka,
  15. Koota,
  16. Chhatra
  17. Dhanusha,
  18. Ardhachandra,
  19. Chakra
  20. Samudra
  1. Yupa Yoga
  2. Ishu Yoga
  3. Sakti Yoga
  4. Danda Yoga

  1. Nav Yoga
  2. Kuta Yoga
  3. Chhatra Yoga
  4. Chapa Yoga

  1. Ardha Chandra Yoga
  2. Chandra Yoga
  3. Gada Yoga
  4. Sakata Yoga
  5. Vihaga Yoga
  6. Vajra Yoga
  7. Yava Yoga
  8. Sringhataka Yoga
  9. Hala Yoga
  10. Kamala Yoga
  11. Vapee Yoga
  12. Samadura Yoga

Asraya * Azraya * Ashrakya

Koeln Sanskrit Lexicon

Azraya * Ashrama

that to which anything is annexed or with which anything is closely connected or on which anything depends or rests

a recipient , the person or thing in which any quality or article is inherent or retained or received;

seat , resting-place, dwelling , asylum , place of refuge , shelter

depending on , having recourse to;

help , assistance , protection

authority , sanction , warrant;

a plea , excuse

the being inclined or addicted to , following , practising;

attaching to , choosing , taking;

joining , union , attachment;

dependence , contiguity , vicinity



appropriate act or one consistent with the character of the agent

source , origin

depending on , resting on , endowed or furnished with


Titles of Planetary Yoga by B.V. Raman, Three Hundred Important Combinations Definitions, Results and Remarks by B.V. Raman, Three Hundred Important Combinations
71. Yupa Yoga

72. Ishu Yoga

73. Sakti Yoga

74. Danda Yoga


  • When all the planets occupy four signs contiguously from the Lagna and other kendras

respectively Yupa, Ishu, Sakti and Danda Yogas are caused.


One born in Yupa becomes

  • liberal,
  • self-possessed
  • and noted for charitable deeds.

Ishu makes one

  • successful as a superintendent or head of a jail, concentration camp, etc.,

Sakti renders the native

  • lazy, slothful, devoid of riches,
  • and generally disliked by people and

Danda suggests that

  • the person will lack happiness due from wife and children.


These four yogas arise by virtue of the seven planets being disposed in four contiguous houses as reckoned from the Ascendant and other kendras.

Thus if all the planets are placed

  • in Lagna, 2nd, 3rd and 4th houses, Yupa is caused
  • in 4th, 5th, 9th and 7th, Ishu or Sara is produced
  • in 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th, Sakti is caused
  • and in the 10th, 11th, 12th and 1st , Danda is caused.

Personally, we are of opinion that all these various Akriti Yogas do not contribute much to the making of the horoscope.

In fact they seem to give rise to clues as regards the means of livelihood one is likely to have.

Thus, for instance, Ishu Yoga, said to be caused by the seven planets occupying the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th houses, is common in the horoscopes of persons, who may have anything to do with prisons, lock-ups, concentration camps, etc. Of course these deductions are based on our own observations and readers have to view them with due reserve.

... Whether the various Nabhasa Yogas can have an independent effect on the horoscope or whether they get mixed up with other Yogas, we shall discuss on a subsequent occasion.

Now suffice it to say that they will have important bearings on certain aspects of one's life depending upon the stress that is laid on particular bhavas by the dispositions of planets in or around them.

Out of the four yogas mentioned above, Yupa and Danda are better than Ishu and Sakti Because in the latter two, planets are about to culminate or about to set. "

75. Nav Yoga

76. Kuta Yoga

77. Chhatra Yoga

78. Chapa Yoga

  • By virtue of the disposition of the seven planets in seven contiguous houses from Lagna, 4th house, 7th house and 10th house respectively

Nav, Kuta, Chhatra and Chapa Yogas are produced.


Nav makes one

  • occasionally happy, famous and miserly;

one born in Kuta

  • becomes a liar and a jailor.

Chhatra Yoga

  • produces a happy individual

while one born in Chapa

  • becomes brave and happy in the first and last periods of his life.


The above definitions are simple. The seven planets should occupy the seven houses without a break from Lagna, 4th house, 7th and 10th houses respectively to produce the four kinds of yogas.

Apart from the results ascribed by the classical writers, we may make a few observations.

  • In regard to Nav Yoga (75), all the planets will be in the invisible sphere of the heavens. It seems to be generally productive of good and to have a bearing on the native having to do with water, watery places and aquatic substances.

  • In regard to Kuta, when all the planets will be in the seven houses from the fourth, it will be more or less an equal distribution of planets in the visible halves of the zodiac. the native may frequent caves, mountains, etc., and he will be addicted to evil habits. Robbers, drunkards, cheats and others may have this combination.

  • In Chhatra Yoga, all the planets will be in the visible half and hence may be deemed to be favourable. the native will be happy in the beginning and end of his life. He will possess great strength of mind and will earn much wealth.

  • In Chapa Yoga all the planets will be in the 10th and subsequent houses and one born in this yoga will lead a comfortable life delighting in good deeds."

79. Ardha Chandra Yoga

Ardha =

  • part, portion, place, region, country

  • half, halved, forming a half

  • an equal share of

BPL note:

panaphara bhava = the four bhava which follow the kendra = bhava 2-5-8-11

apoklima bhava = the four bhava which follow the panaphara = bhava 2-5-8-11

Moneyball 1963- drama-commerce Brad Pitt * from 2 to 8



  • The native will have fair features
  • and will be happy throughout life.


There are four Panaparas (cadent houses) and four Apoklimas (succeedent houses).

Consequently there are eight kinds of Ardha Chandra Yogas, the planets occupying

  • (i) from 2nd to 8th,
  • (ii) 3rd to 9th,
  • (iii) 5th to 11th,
  • (iv) 6th to 12th,
  • (v) 8th to 2nd,
  • (vi) 9th to 3rd,
  • (vii) 11th to 5th and
  • (viii) 12th to 6th."
80. Chandra Yoga


  • All the planets should occupy the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 11th houses.


  • The subject will be a king or an equal to him.
  • He will command respect and submission from others
  • and he will earn and spend well.


[On page 114 we have dealt with] Samudra Yoga which is said to result by all the planets occupying the even houses, whereas in this regard, All the odd houses must be occupied.

The combination is not a rare one. So far as the results are concerned, The Yoga cannot produce rulers or emperors, but one who has this combination would certainly become an entity amongst his own people. "

81. Gada Yoga

82. Sakata Yoga

83. Vihaga Yoga


  • All the planets occupying two adjacent kendras, the 1st and 7th houses, and the 4th and 10th houses respectively

will produce Gada, Sakata and Vihaga Yogas.

84. Vajra Yoga

85. Yava Yoga


  • Benefics occupying the ascendant and the 7th house, while malefics occupying the 4th and the 10th

give rise to Vajra Yoga;

  • the reverse

will be the case in Yava Yoga.


  • Vajra gives rise to a happy and handsome person.
  • Yava makes one happy in his middle life.


The difference between Vajra and Yava Yogas is very thin.

In the former, benefics will found in the ascendant and the descendant, and malefics in the meridian and the nadir while in other, the Lagna and the descendant must have malefics and the meridian and the nadir should have benefics.

Even in the production of results the difference between the two yogas is hardly worth attention, for while Vajra makes one fair, brave and happy, the effects of Yava are restricted to a particular period of life, viz., the middle portion.

If one makes a serious attempt to study a number of horoscopes, he will not be slow in appreciating one important truth, viz., that Yava Yoga is hardly conducive to the health and bodily happiness of the native or his wife, for if malefics occupy the Lagna and the 7th, their effects, unless counterbalanced by other horoscopic factors, such as more powerful yogas or inherent strength, etc., would necessarily converge on these two houses.

These two yogas are not after all very important, because often� times their influences become merged with those of other powerful yogas."

86. Sringhataka Yoga

87. Hala Yoga


  • A plough, a scraper

  • A land measure

  • The earth


  • If all the planets occupy the Ascendant and its trines

Sringhataka is caused.

  • If planets are confined to other triangular houses,

Hala Yoga arises.


  • One born in Sringhataka becomes happy in later life
  • while Hala Yoga makes one an agriculturist.


Sringhataka may mean junction of four roads or a square.

Planets must invariably occupy the 1st, 5th and 9th houses. Lagna represents body, the 5th indicates progeny and the 9th suggests fortune in general. If these three houses are well fortified, then the native will have a smooth career, progeny and success in life.

One born in Sringhataka, is said to be happy in his later life. With due deference to the sages who have attributed this result, I have to observe that the period of happiness depends upon the stress laid on any one of the trines by virtue of a larger number of benefics being placed in it. Thus if the stress is on the Lagna, the beginning of life will be happy; if in the 5th, the middle part of life; and if in the 9th, the last part. This is a simple observation That any student of astrology could conveniently carry on.

Hala implies a plough.

Consistent with this meaning, Hala Yoga is said to make one an agriculturist. Three variations can be seen in this Yoga, all the planets may occupy

(a) the 2nd, 6th and 10th houses,

(b) the 3rd, 7th and 11th houses and

(c) the 4th, 8th and 12th houses.

Hala Yoga would be helpful in deciding one's profession, for a number of horoscopes possessing this combination, belong to agriculturists, farmers, estate managers, zamindars and petty land� lords."

88. Kamala Yoga

89. Vapee Yoga

Vapee = a well


Kamala Yoga will result when

  • the planets are situated in the four kendras,

while Vapee is caused

  • when the planets are ranged in the four Panaparas or the four Apoklimas.


One born in Kamala

  • will not become much wealthy,

but he will command

  • high prestige,
  • wide fame
  • and innumerable virtues.


  • makes one a hoarder of money.


Kamala Yoga is practically the same Chathussagara Yoga though not synonymous with it. Kendras are strongholds in a horoscope and when all the four kendras are occupied, the horoscope is rendered highly powerful.

Kamala Yoga lays emphasis fame, virtue, and prestige as different from mere earning capacity.

Vapee, which means a well, on the other hand, is said to make one mean, trickery and always pine for and hoard wealth.

Panaparas are the 2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th and Apoklimas are 3rd, 9th and 12th. The planets should occupy exclusively all the Panaparas or all the Apoklimas. "

Akriti Yoga
90. Samadura Yoga Definition.
  • The planets must occupy the six even houses.


  • The native will be a ruler
  • or live his life free from care and worry.


This is indeed a somewhat rare combination because all the seven planets have to occupy six alternate signs beginning from the second.

All odd houses reckoned from Lagna should be free from occupation. This is one of the several Akriti Yogas dealt with by the great Varahamihira. In our humble experience, Akriti Yogas by themselves cannot exercise any definite influences unless the horoscope has gained strength otherwise.

With this, we complete the 21 Akriti Yogas, comprising the first of the 4 groups of Nabhasa Yoga : Yogas like Vajra and Yava which require the positions of the planets exclusively in kendras do not seem to have the approval of Varahamihira.

He deals with them in his Brihat Jataka simply adopting the views of Yavana and others and feels skeptical about their possibility with the query 'How can Mercury and Venus occupy the 4th sign (Bhavana) from the Sun?'

The possibility or otherwise of Vajra, Yava and similar yogas which require mutual angular dispositions of the Sun and Mercury and Venus depends upon whether these yogas refer to the positions of planets in the Rasi Chakra or Bhava Chakra.

If the former, as is clearly implied by the letter Bhavana used by Mihira which means a sign, then the Sun can never be in a Kendra from Mercury or Venus. "

If on the other hand, the reference is to Bhava Chakra as some scholars contend, then Mercury can occupy a kendra bhava from the Sun, which could be possible in very high latitudes.

Therefore the ancient writers have not erred if the Vajra and Yava Yogas refer to the positions in the Bhava Chakra."

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