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Manushya, Rakshasa and Deva

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Amsha


Gana of the Nakshatra

devya, manushya, raksashya


Class, Caste, Sect, Group, Troop

groups groping for gains and goals

Types and Goals in the Three Worlds

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Shri Shri Gana-pati, Lord of the Gana

BPHS Chapter 6: Shloka 12

"The Navamsha calculation are

  • for a Movable Rashi from there itself,

  • for a Fixed Rashi from the 9th thereof

  • and for a Dual Rashi from the 5th thereof.

They go by designations

  • Deva ,
  • Manushya ,
  • and Rakshasa ,

in a successive and repetitive order for a Movable Rashi.

Koeln Sanskrit Lexicon

Gana :

  • A flock, troop, multitude, number, tribe, series, class (of animate or inanimate beings).

  • body of followers or attendants

  • troops or classes of inferior deities

    • (especially certain troops of demi-gods considered as Siva's attendants

    • and under the special superintendence of the god Ganesha

    Name of Ganesha

    A company, any assemblage or association of men formed for the attainment of the same aims

    The 9 assemblies of Rishis under the Arhat Maha-vira Jain

    A sect in philosophy or religion

    A small body of troops (= 3 Gulmas or 27 chariots and as many elephants, 81 horses, and 135 foot)

    A series or group of asterisms or lunar mansions classed under three heads

    • (that of the gods, that of the men, and that of the Rakshasas)

    (in arithmetic.) a number

    • (in metre) a foot or four instants

    • (in grammar) a series of roots or words following the same rule and called after the first word of the series

    • the g or the whole series of roots of the 2nd class

    • the g or the series of words commencing with garga

disambiguation:

  • Gana vs Guna

  1. Guna = three essential qualities of being = rajas, tamas, sattvas

  2. Gana = three loka (levels, locations) of the psychic world = devya, manushya, raksashya

The Vedic cosmos is divided into Three worlds (Loka):

  1. Swarga Loka = Heaven = domain of the gods = Devya

  2. Prithvi Loka = Earth = domain of the humans = Manushya

  3. Mrityu = Narakha Loka = Hell = domain of the demons = Rakshasya

Similarly, the twenty-seven Nakshatra = divided into three groups = "Gana" = correspond to the predominant energy of one of the three loka = psychic"worlds ".

"Gana" in this sense is an old, esoteric category of psychic character.

  • It is still a valid measurement of compatibility, although its historical meaning is somewhat lost in the mists of time.

  • Gana relates to psychic inheritance and levels of communication between the native and one's ancestors.

  • "Gana" describes the accumulation of inherited disposition in the native 's psychic field, which derives from the character of the Ancestral spirits with whom one has a continuing and directive - if largely unconscious - relationship.

Gana for marriage compatibility

Gana of the 27 nakshatra

Gana is only one of the numerous measurements and comparisons which are involved in traditional marriage compatibility analysis.

  • Different Jyotisha lineages have different methods of weighting the various factors.

  • However there is a general consensus that the characteristics of Chandra's Nakshatra are the key values upon which a pronouncement of compatibility is made.

  • Estimations of Gana compatibility = rather on a par with modern understanding of the virtue of shared cultural values.

  • Other non-Gana measurements are used to evaluate sexual proclivities, wealth match, procreative power, etc.

marriage

One principle of marriage compatibility analysis says that the lunar Nakshatra of both spouses should have compatible Gana .

Gana (Group-Type) of the 27 Nakshatra

Deva

Manushya

Rakshasa

Chandra in Azvini

Chandra in Bharani

Chandra in Krittika

Chandra in Mrigashirsha

Chandra in Rohini

Chandra in Azlesa

Chandra in Punarvasu

Chandra in Purvaphalguni

Chandra in Magha

Chandra in Pushya

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni

Chandra in Chitra

Chandra in Hasta

Chandra in Purva-azadha

Chandra in Bishaja

Chandra in Swati

Chandra in Uttara-azadha

Chandra in Jyeztha

Chandra in Anuradha

Chandra in Purvabhadrapada

Chandra in Mula

Chandra in Shravana

Chandra in Uttarabhadrapada

Chandra in Dhaniztha-Vasu

Chandra in Revati

Chandra in Arudra

Chandra in Zatataraka

More Gana (group):

Rulers of Chandra's Nakshatra should also be mutually friendly or neutral.

  • If both partners' Lunar Nakshatra are ruled by the group Mangala-Surya-Guru they are mutually friendly.

  • If both partners' Lunar Nakshatra are ruled by the group Shani-Zukra-Budha they are mutually friendly.

  • Chandra sees no enemies;

    however, both the group Budha-Zukra-Shani, and the group Rahu-Ketu do perceive Chandra as their adversary.

    • Therefore Chandra-group should not match with either Budha-Zukra-Shani group Or Rahu-Ketu group .

    The Rahu group And Ketu group are always compatible with each other: the three from Rahu-group are internally compatible and the three from Ketu-group are internally compatible; also Rahu-Group and Ketu-group are mutually compatible amongst the group of six.

  • It is possible in some situations that Rahu's or Ketu's lord might be compatible with a member of the any other group, but this arrangement is tricky because almost all the graha actively dislike Rahu. It is a rule of thumb that Rahu-ruled lunar Nakshatra can never be compatible with Nakshatra ruled by Sun-Moon; and

Gana of the 27 Nakshatra

Surya

Chandra

Mangala

Budha

Guru

Zukra

Shani

Rahu

Ketu

Chandra in Krittika

Rakshasa

Chandra in Rohini

Manushya

Chandra in Mrigaziras

Deva

Chandra in Azlesa

Rakshasa

Chandra in Punarvasu

Deva

Chandra in Bharani

Manushya

Chandra in Pushya

Deva

Chandra in Arudra

Manushya

Chandra in Azvini

Deva

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni

Manushya

Chandra in Hasta

Deva

Chandra in Chitra

Rakshasa

Chandra in Jyeztha

Rakshasa

Chandra in Bishaja

Rakshasa

Chandra in Purvaphalguni

Manushya

Chandra in Anuradha

Deva

Chandra in Swati

Deva

Chandra in Magha

Rakshasa

Chandra in Uttara-azadha Manushya

Chandra in Shravana

Deva

Chandra in Dhaniztha-Vasu

Rakshasa

Chandra in Revati

Deva

Chandra in Purvabhadra Manushya

Chandra in Purva-azadha

Manushya

Chandra in Uttarabhadra

Manushya

Chandra in Zatataraka

Rakshasa

Chandra in Mula

Rakshasa

Gana + Friendly Lords = assessment steps in marriage matching

Step-one: compare the three-worlds Gana

  1. A potential husband =Chandra in Bharani

  2. His potential wife = Chandra in Uttara-bhadra-pada * comforted by guidance systems

  3. his step is compatibility-positive because the gana of both Chandra placements = manushya 'human' gana.

Now evaluate the friendship of the Nakshatra lords.

  1. Chandra in Bharani lord = Zukra * comforted by carrying valuable burdens

  2. Uttarabhadrapada Chandra lord = Shani

  3. his step is compatibility-positive because the lords of the Nakshatra, Zukra + Shani, are friends.

Now evaluate the friendship of Chandra's rashi lords.

  1. Mesha Chandra lord = Mangala

  2. Meena Chandra lord = Guru

  3. his step is also compatibility-positive because the rashi lords, Mangala and Guru, are friends.

Based on these three assessments only (a partial evaluation) this couple would share a quiet, materialistic, steady, and lawful marriage. They can enjoy raising children according to social protocol. They would share pleasure in accumulating wealth, managing a stable and prosperous home, and earning the respect of their community. They would avoid undue risk and shy away from the public eye. They have no interest in celebrity lifestyle.

Example of an Infelicitous Match

By contrast, this same Chandra in Bharani man would be advised to decline an offer of marriage from the parents of a woman who was born with Chandra in Krittika

  • the janma Nakshatra of the Krittika-born woman = Rakshasa gana . This is not compatible with his Manushya gana.

  • In addition Krittika's planetary ruler = Surya. Surya = a bitter enemy toward Bharani's lord, Zukra.

This couple would experience disagreement about the basic purpose and method of living together. The Krittika person is motivated by a need for praise and attention, and tends toward heroic drama

Bharani is quiet and hard-working, searching for harmonious and balanced relationships.

Bharani will not enjoy the constant self-aggrandizement and boasting of the Krittika person; nor will Krittika appreciate Chandra in Bharani 's slow and patient style - Krittika wants a spouse who supports one's need for center-stage brilliance and glamor (or the delusions thereof).

Highly compatible lunar Nakshatra groups and pairs:

Rakshasa in the Mangala-Surya-Guru group

Rakshasa in the Shani-Zukra-Budha group

Rakshasa in the Shani-Zukra-Budha group

Rakshasa in the Shani-Zukra-Budha group

Manushya

Manushya Nakshatra = compatible with Chandra in Bharani ?

Manushya Gana

Lord of Nakshatra

Lord of Rashi

Rashi and Nakshatra lords

Compatible with Chandra in Bharani ?

Chandra in Bharani

Zukra

Mangala

Yes, highly

Chandra in Rohini

Chandra

Zukra

Neutral, look for other qualifications

Chandra in Purvaphalguni

Zukra

Surya

Yes, highly

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni = Simha Portion

Surya

Surya

No

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni = Kanya Portion

Surya

Budha

No

Chandra in Purva-azadha

Zukra

Guru

Yes, highly

Chandra in Uttara-azadha = Dhanusha portion

Surya

Guru

No

Chandra in Uttara-azadha = Makara portion

Surya

Shani

No!

Chandra in Purvabhadrapada = Kumbha portion

Guru

Shani

No

Chandra in Purvabhadrapada = Meena portion

Guru

Guru

Neutral, look for other qualifications

Chandra in Uttarabhadrapada

Shani

Guru

Yes

Chandra in Arudra

Rahu

Budha

Neutral, look for other qualifications

Manushya Nakshatra = compatible with Chandra in Uttarabhadra ?

Manushya Gana

Lord of Nakshatra

Lord of Rashi

Rashi and Nakshatra lords

Compatible with Chandra in Uttarabhadra ?

Chandra in Bharani

Zukra

Mangala

Yes

Chandra in Rohini

Chandra

Zukra

No

Chandra in Purvaphalguni

Zukra

Surya

Yes

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni = Simha Portion

Surya

Surya

No

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni = Kanya Portion

Surya

Budha

No!

Chandra in Purva-azadha

Zukra

Guru

Yes

Chandra in Uttara-azadha = Dhanusha portion

Surya

Guru

No

Chandra in Uttara-azadha = Makara portion

Surya

Shani

No

Chandra in Purvabhadra = Kumbha portion

Guru

Shani

No

Chandra in Purvabhadra = Meena portion

Guru

Guru

Generally OK

Chandra in Uttarabhadra

Shani

Guru

Yes, highly

Chandra in Arudra

Rahu

Budha

No!

Manushya Nakshatra = compatible with Chandra in Uttarabhadra ?

Manushya Gana

Lord of Nakshatra

Lord of Rashi

Rashi and Nakshatra lords

Compatible with Chandra in Uttarabhadra ?

Chandra in Bharani

Zukra

Mangala

Yes

Chandra in Rohini

Chandra

Zukra

No

Chandra in Purvaphalguni

Zukra

Surya

Yes

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni = Simha Portion

Surya

Surya

No

Chandra in Uttaraphalguni = Kanya Portion

Surya

Budha

No!

Chandra in Purva-azadha

Zukra

Guru

Yes

Chandra in Uttara-azadha = Dhanusha portion

Surya

Guru

No

Chandra in Uttara-azadha = Makara portion

Surya

Shani

No

Chandra in Purvabhadra = Kumbha portion

Guru

Shani

No

Chandra in Purvabhadra = Meena portion

Guru

Guru

Generally OK

Chandra in Uttarabhadra

Shani

Guru

Yes, highly

Chandra in Arudra

Rahu

Budha

No!

Deva

  • Chandra in Pushya Chandra in Anuradha

  • Chandra in Hasta Chandra in Shravana

  • Chandra in Mrigaziras + Chandra in Punarvasu

  • Chandra in Swati + Chandra in Azvini


    Hi Barbara,

    Hope you're well and enjoying the New Year!

    I had a question regarding traditional Kundli matching. I know that for instance, you mention that Rahu and Ketu ruled moons are the most

    compatible together. However, several of these moon pairings seem to have some kind of dosha together like Swati & Shatataraka which would

    make it hard for them to sustain a partnership or create misfortune?Also, they lack yoni or are of different ghanas - deva vs. rakshasa

    What is your interpretation of classical kundli matching?

    I know other things come into play such as the navamsa but I was just curious about your take on the rules of kundli matching and if other

    planets between male and female are also compared, besides the moon, which might give more flexibility??

    Namaste,

    Thanks for your questions about interpersonal compatibility and traditional marriage matching.

    First of all I would say that there are so many variations of"classical" kundli matching in the subcultures of the cities and villages of India and its diaspora that no generalizations apply. Much of this technology is thinly veiled village politics and not the Jyotisha vidya at all. Look in Lal Kitab for a sample of remedies that are suggested to correct a marriage imbalance-seeking-a-remedy = tying a string to a tree at midnight or burying a silver coin near a riverbank or smashing a clay pot (very popular and cheap) to compensate for poor yoni-guna-gana etc. Then the marriage goes forward sanctioned as "astrologically balanced".

    Maybe you will want to study all the weights and measures of the classical kundli traditions (plural) and write a book about it. That would be interesting and a great service to students of Jyotisha. However, IMO, much of the"classical" weighting is idiosyncratic and inconsistently applied due to the inescapable presence of ulterior motives in marriage matching. I hardly use the finer weights. In nature, everything has a dosha. The goal is not to avoid dosha. The goal is to recognize it and handle it proactively not reactively.

    When he came to visit USA as an elderly man from a deeply traditional culture who had seen the world endure cataclysmic changes,300 Important Combinations 1912-1998 Jyotishi BV Raman used to say that both arranged marriages and self-chosen marriages tend to fail at a rate of about 50%. This from a man who was a living library of Jyotisha knowledge who had determined thousands of marriage contracts and knew hundreds of Jyotisha measurement techniques in three scriptural languages. His own marriage was pristine not because of its astrological auspice (a look at his nativity will confirm) but rather because he consciously applied the moral discipline to make it so.

    To be honest I do not indulge in a big machine of minute calculations in order to perfect a marriage match. Yet I would love to encourage you to pursue research into these techniques, collecting on your way as much empirical data as possible, in order to test and validate the old traditions. That would be a wonderful service to the modern expression of the Jyotisha vidya!

    Best wishes for your continuing success in Jyotisha studies,

    Sincerely, BP Lama

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